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印度在卫星导航领域向中国发出挑战

Russia voices reported that, India Government hopes to provide GPS-aidedgeostationary orbit augmented navigation system (GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation, hereinafter referredto as "GAGAN"--wide area differential GPS augmentation systems) service for

发表于:2014-08-22 22:20:58 作者: 文章总浏览数:

俄罗斯之声报道,印度政府希望为东南亚国家提供GPS辅助型静地轨道增强导航系统(GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation,简称“GAGAN”——广域差分增强系统)服务。

  

据印度民航部部长西德什瓦尔透露,印度机场管理局和印度太空研究组织已经同未来潜 在的用户举行了两次会谈。

  GAGAN是印度区域卫星导航定位系统(IRNSS)的一部分。俄罗斯专家指出,后者与已经存在了近15年的中国的“北斗”不同,还处于建设阶段。印度服务于导航系统的卫星系统暂时也不能与中国的相提并论。印度卫星还不到5颗,而中国已接近20颗,包括中地球轨道和地球静止轨道卫星。另外,印度系统是区域性的,而中国的“北斗”已经在朝全球性迈进。俄罗斯齐奥尔科夫斯基宇航科学院院士热列兹尼亚科夫指出,不同的起点决定了印度同中国进行竞争的现实性,在导航系统领域也是一样。

  他说:“美国的GPS,俄罗斯的GLONASS,将来中国的‘北斗’和欧洲的Galieo也将成为全球性的,能为地球上任一地点提供服务,也包括为已经有本国系统的印度。所以,如果进入这一市场,那么首先需要考虑到技术参数,即坐标的精确程度。第二,价格因素。如果印度区域系统比全球系统便宜,那它就能占领这个市场。”

  在GAGAN计划中考虑到了与全球导航系统的结合,包括同GLONASS和“北斗”。《航天新闻》杂志主编马里宁认为,同俄中合作能为GAGAN将来在亚太市场出售自己的服务提供新的可能。

  马里宁说:“印度很难建立自己的名符其实的导航系统。而为了名誉,他们想拥有自己的卫星以及自己的导航系统。所以他们愿意同中国的‘北斗’和俄罗斯的GLONASS合作。同GLONASS高层的谈判早就在进行。不过看来他们想走这样一条路:最小程度地建造自己的系统,然后把它与我们的一个系统或者同时两个系统结合起来,以提高我们系统和印度系统的功效。”

  热列兹尼亚科夫认为,同印度同行的合作对俄罗斯来说将是很有趣的,也是有利可图的。

  他说:“俄罗斯拥有GLONASS全球导航系统,但是它的信号需要在不同地区被不断纠正。利用印度区域导航系统的技术潜力就可提高GLONASS定位的精确度。由此可见,正是在技术水平上我们两国可以合作。另外,或许也只有统一的亚太市场政策方能确保合作互赢。”

  印度计划向亚太市场提供导航服务,可谓是一个大胆的尝试。该市场早已被瓜分,而且中国正以惊人的速度占领它。利用“北斗”的国家已经有巴基斯坦、泰国、老挝、文莱和缅甸。在巴西金砖国家峰会上,印度总理莫迪同意中国国家主席习近平的观点:中印都是长久战略合作伙伴,而非竞争对手。此观点同样适用于两国在卫星导航与位置服务方面的合作。

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Russia voices reported that, India Government hopes to provide GPS-aidedgeostationary orbit augmented navigation system (GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation, hereinafter referredto as "GAGAN"--wide area differential GPS augmentation systems) service for Southeast Asian countries..

According to the India civil aviation Minister xideshiwaer said, India Airport Authority and India spaceresearch organization have held two rounds of talks with potential users.
GAGAN is India regional satellite navigation and positioning system (IRNSS) part of it. Russia expertssay, which has been around for nearly 15 years of China's "Big Dipper" different, still in theconstruction stage. India navigation system-service satellite system currently cannot compete with China.India satellite less than 5 stars, while China is close to 20, including satellites in medium-Earth orbitand geostationary orbit. In addition, India systems is regional, and "compass" has been in the global.Russia ciolkovsky IAA academicians Zheleznyakov pointed out that different starting point for deciding onIndia to compete with China's reality, in the field of navigation systems as well.
He said: "the United States ' GPS, Russia's GLONASS and future China's ' Big Dipper ' Galieo and Europewill also become global, and can provide services to any location on the Earth, but also already has its own system of India. So, if entered this market, then you first need to take into account the technicalparameters, which coordinates the degree of precision. Second, the price factor. If India regional systemsare cheaper than global system, then it will be able to capture this market. ”

GAGAN plans taking into account combined with a global navigation system, including with the GLONASS and"the Big Dipper". The space news magazine editor Marinin believes that for GAGAN future with Russia-Chinacooperation in the Asia-Pacific market to sell their services to provide new possibilities.
Marinin said: "India is difficult to establish its own genuine navigation system. For fame, they want toown their own satellite navigation systems as well as their own. So they are willing to cooperate withChina's ' Big Dipper ' and Russia's GLONASS cooperation. With GLONASS high-level negotiations alreadyunder way. But it looks like they want to walk the path: minimizing the building my own system, and thencompare it with one of our systems or combine both systems simultaneously, in order to improve our systemand India the efficacy of the system. ”

Zheleznyakov believes that India peer cooperation to Russia, it will be very interesting, but alsoprofitable.
He said: "Russia with GLONASS global navigation system, but its signal in different areas was to rectifythe situation. India technical potential of regional navigation system GLONASS positioning accuracy can beimproved. This shows that it is on the level of our two countries can work together. In addition, andperhaps only a consistent policy on the Asia-Pacific market can ensure mutually win. ”
India plans to provide navigation services to Asia-Pacific markets, it is a bold attempt. The markets have already been divided up, and the country is occupying it at an alarming rate. "The Big Dipper" has been acountry of Pakistan, Thailand, Laos, Brunei and Myanmar. In Brazil on the Summit of the BRIC countries,India's Prime Minister MODI views agreed with the Chinese President, XI Jinping: China and India are bothlong-term strategic partners rather than competitors. This also applies to cooperation between the two countries in the area of satellite navigation and positioning service.

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